The microwave oven. A must hawe in the kitchen

The microwave oven. A must have in the kitchen.

They are great for reheating pizza, thawing frozen foods, popping popcorn, and much more. In addition to saving time, it also saves energy. It can eliminate a tremendous amount of wasted energy in the kitchen, from the energy needed to preheat a conventional oven to the waste involved in heating a kettle of water when all you need is a cup.

If you are in the market for a new microwave oven, you’ve probably discovered that the range of models and options can be overwhelming. Should you buy a counter top or over-the range model? What is the best size and power capacity for your needs? How does a microwave convection oven differ from a conventional microwave?

Microwaves combine speed with versatility and technology to create a smart kitchen appliance, in an array of styles and colors.

Depending on the model you buy, a microwave oven can: Brown, roast, and grill foods like a conventional oven; prepare specific recipes using a reprogrammed touch keypad; cook entire meals without overheating your kitchen; automatically shut off when a sensor determines the food is done.

Conventional or Convection Microwave?

A conventional microwave oven emits microwaves that pass through glass and plastic containers to cook food. A convection microwave oven combines basic microwave technology with radiant heat and circulating hot air to let you roast, brown, and grill foods.

Convection microwaves have a heating element as well as a fan to circulate the heated air. This results in a more thorough, even job of cooking. Also known as speed-cook models, these units promise juicier pot roasts and crustier pizzas. Some units come with a pan for cooking bacon and crisping bread.

Another alternative heating method combines microwaves with intense light from a quartz halogen bulb to grill and roast food. This technology adds color and taste to meats while speeding cooking times.

Styles of Microwave Ovens

Home microwave ovens are sold in several sizes and styles.  Above-range units, microwave drawers, and combination microwave ovens. Each has certain advantages.

Counter top Microwave Ovens

Counter top microwaves, also called compact or portable microwaves, are the smallest type and the most popular choice among consumers for reheating foods, thawing frozen food, making popcorn, and similar incidental cooking tasks. GE microwave ovens are a top seller in this category, according to Consumer Reports.

A typical size is 18 inches wide by 14 inches deep and 12 inches tall. Capacity is typically 1 cubic foot and their power is normally between 500 and 1000 watts. Counter top microwaves are portable—you can take them with you when you move. And they are affordable, with prices often below $100.

Here is a review of a nice counter top microwave.

Above-Range Microwave Ovens

Above-range (also called over-the-range) microwaves, as their name indicates, are designed to be installed above the kitchen range.

Above-range microwave oven makes great use of available space.

Among the main types of microwaves, they rank second in popularity. In recent years, improvements have been made to the units’ exhaust fans for venting steam and filtering smoke from a stove’s top burners.

Most models have multispeed fans that recirculate air using replaceable charcoal filters. These units do not need to be vented outside. Some exhaust fans also switch on automatically if a stove top becomes too hot, protecting the microwave oven. Some name brands—such as the GE and Sharp microwave ovens—start as low as $250, but above-range ovens can top $1,000, depending on the features.

Microwave Oven Drawers

A microwave drawer offers exceptional convenience without sacrificing coveted counter space.

Microwave drawers are relatively new to the marketplace, favored because they don’t consume valuable counter space, but offer all the convenience of microwave ovens.

Combination Microwave-Conventional Ovens

These are the most luxurious option, offering a built-in conventional oven and microwave in the same space. The microwave typically is on top of the larger conventional oven.  They can cost as much as $3,000.

Microwave Oven Size & Power

If you want to do more than cook popcorn or bake a potato, buy a mid- or full-size oven. Cooking full meals for an entire family requires a large model and high power. Panasonic microwave ovens offer some of the largest sizes (up to 2.2 cubic feet).

Full-size ovens deliver 1,000 to 1,600 watts of power, and mid-size ovens yield 800 to 1,000 watts. Higher wattage heats food more quickly. More power is better for cooking entire meals.

Compact microwaves—the smallest ovens—work well in dorm rooms, offices, and apartments. Some people use these mini-microwaves in boats and campers.

These smaller microwaves yield 500 to 800 watts. Keep in mind that the lower the power, the longer it takes to cook a meal.

Microwave toaster ovens are a “do-it-all” version of the compact microwave: They warm meals for one, heat water for tea and cocoa, and toast bread and bagels. Fancier models may offer up to 24 toaster settings and 10 automatic cooking settings.

Microwave Oven Features

Dave | MorgueFile

Convenience distinguishes today’s microwave ovens from earlier models. Shortcut settings automate power levels and cooking times for foods such as popcorn, pizza, frozen entrees, and potatoes.

The priciest microwaves offer up to 100 pre- programmed menu items that let you cook meals without first having to select the amount of times or the power level.

Many units offer quick defrost settings that take the guesswork out of thawing. Some models have delay start-time options or will keep food warm after it cooks.


It is critical to have a revolving glass plate or turntable inside your oven to ensure even cooking. Otherwise, you will need to stop the microwave several times and turn the food by hand. Most mid- and full-size microwaves have removable turntables. Some new versions also have rectangular trays that slide back and forth.


This safety feature cannot be readily seen but guarantees that the microwave oven will not run if the door opens or is ajar.

Variable Power Controls

You do not always need to use your microwave at full power. Variable power lets you change the setting level.

Child Lockout

Child-proof doors are especially important on microwave convection units, where dishes may be extra hot when they come out of the oven.

Automatic Sensors

This new technology can tell when food is sufficiently cooked by measuring steam in the oven. You don’t have to set a timer. The microwave automatically shuts off, guaranteeing that food will not be overcooked or under cooked.